Poor Democracy

screen-shot-2016-10-13-at-5-47-26-pmAfter Brexit and new revelations about the moral turpitude, masquerading as ‘locker room banter’ of Donald Trump, I found a strange, all-pervasive anxiety beginning to overshadow me. Politics is a dirty, Machiavellian game, also highly complex, the rules keep changing and referenda and sometimes elections are the blunt little tools we all use to try to get the best for everyone. If the Brexit vote were recast today, it would almost certainly have turned out differently.  Activists and flag-wavers latch on to a very few easy-to-follow policy mantras which seem black and white, then agitate, push, protest and intimidate, whichever is required, to subjugate the weak or push the undecided out of the way in order to achieve their aims. Such anxiety as I found myself facing about the consequences of political ignorance is not new. In the long history of thoughtful people, not necessarily intellectuals, worrying about democracy and its failings, two basic fears surface. The first is that democracy will mean rule by the poor, who will use their collective power and numerical superiority to steal from the rich. During Mao’s Great Leap Forward, the houses of the middle classes were raided and their toilets smashed, since possession of such an item was considered too superior, too bourgeois, so secondly, democracy is rule by the ignorant, who will use their power to do foolish things. Both these worries go back at least as far as Plato. The ancient Greeks understood that democracy meant letting the have-nots get their claws into the haves. For Aristotle, that’s what the word meant: it was rule by the poor (the demos) over the wealthy. But if class conflict came with the territory, the deeper fear was what the masses might do out of sheer foolishness.screen-shot-2016-10-13-at-5-46-55-pm

For Plato, democracy suffered from the basic defect of putting decision-making in the hands of people who were not competent to decide. Politics was a skill – and most people were clueless. Worse, that made them prey for liars, snake oil merchants and demagogues who would promise them the moon and mostly get away with it. Democracy was fertile ground for fantasists with a taste for power. If you tell the people that black is white, and the people believe you, then who’s going to tell them that they’re wrong?

These fears never really evaporate. They resurface at times of political crisis. As long ago as the 1920s the argument was made, unblushingly, that modern citizens simply lacked the mental capacity to process the information needed for intelligent decision-making, thus were incapable of selecting appropriate leadership.

The polarization of America may not just rest on ethnic or gender lines but on education and critical thinking. Donald Trump has said he loves uneducated people. I wonder why.

Skein of History

screen-shot-2016-09-20-at-13-10-01As I have gotten older, I have found myself, much to my consternation, acquiring a taste for a little nostalgia, returning to an interest in my old school which for me had many mixed blessings. It was a turbulent time, money was tight and one of my old Headmasters was, I thought, nothing more than a jumped up PR man, accountant and publicist. However, the skein of history is not so easily broken, tarnished as it becomes by sordid and slightly grubby commerce.

William Webb Ellis is known worldwide as the renegade day boy credited with having invented the glorious game. He not only played rebellious rugby football on the Close, the original school playing field, he also dutifully sang hymns and offered prayers in the School Chapel, soaked up the High Victorian atmosphere and heard the words which the touch of time would turn to truth.

For after completing his education, the inventor of rugby football began a life of service as a minister in the Church, becoming the vicar of St Clement Danes on the Strand in London.

100 years later, another young Rugbeian went dutifully to chapel and, like so many teenagers, wondered if there was a God. “If there was,” wrote John Stott, ” he has eluded me.” From sitting in the Rugby School Chapel, unsure of the whole point, he went on to serve for 30 years as a minister in All Souls Church in London. And not just on a parochial scale: he travelled the world teaching generations of Christians, wrote more than 50 books and has been a major influence on the lives of many in Britain and beyond. My father knew him well and he ate at our house.

To learn is not, however, to conform. I spoke once with a Scholar – selected out by extreme ability, who, when I asked him about Chapel, he replied with slight but characteristic disdain: “I just conform.” I can recall, even after fifty years, my sense of being quite appalled, for the conformist settles into the lees at the bottom of the wine bottle, contributing little original thought.

Last year, during the Rugby World Cup, the Rugby School community in Chapel one Sunday was reminded of Webb Ellis’s ‘fine disregard’ for the rules and in comparison that no one disregarded quite so many rules, nor with such shattering effect, as Yeshua of Nazareth. His was a life of joyful, painful, playful, disturbing rule-breaking from the moment of his conception to his ultimate disregard for the rules of life and death.

William Webb Ellis, John Stott and countless other Rugbeians walk a pathway of faith, upon which I have stumbled along beside them which had its beginning in my old School Chapel, ugly behemoth as it is. Today, I gather, the Chapel is still there to offer all the opportunity to listen for, hear and respond to the still small voice. One day, I may go back and sit in its choir stalls where I first heard of El Shaddai.

Oh, Virtue

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The 6th US President

Haven’t written much about The Donald, or, indeed HRC. Because everyone else has. The mounting horror of on the one hand a narcissistic demagogue with the foreign policy acumen of a nine year old and on the other a career politician with several missteps too many is too, too awful to contemplate and educated jaws have been dropping worldwide.

Religion still collects votes and Times columnist Tim Montgomerie wrote an interesting little piece after he visited a South Carolina evangelical church where he shared post-service fried chicken (very good, it seemed) with Trump supporters who seemed surprisingly willing to overlook their candidate’s rather vague credentials in the piety department.

Apparently, it was Mr. Trump’s “strongman” vibe that they liked; the authoritarian, the decision-maker; the man willing, if perhaps not able, to show a bit of leadership when it came to all the goddam migrants, Muslims and Johnny Foreigners generally. At some length and with a surprisingly deep knowledge of the region, these articulate and informed South Carolinian Christians discussed how their fellow-believers were being wiped out across the Middle East and how, at home in America, secular judges were taking away religious liberties and “legislating from the bench.” The D was and is to them the man for the hour; they seemed to completely overlook the fact that his entire campaign strategy is about the glorification of the Trump brand – it’s almost as if he’s arrived there by accident. He appeals to a regressive, blue-collar patriarchal subgroup in which white men prosper because racial and ethnic minorities, to say nothing of women, are undervalued. “We don’t need an angel to defend Christianity,” someone remarked. “We need our own Putin.” No, you don’t. Really, you don’t. And, here’s why. Authoritarian winds are whistling through all and every ideological canyon and wherever they blow, a grim, grey spectre of Fascism treads not far behind. At the other end of the scale, political correctness, where truth is the new hate speech and tyranny has a happy face, is slowly and inexorably rotting your political culture, factionalism is everywhere and there’s quite simply a deficit of virtue in the campaigning, sloganeering and flag-waving.  Where are the virtuous ones? John Quincy Adams stands out as a model for twenty-first-century American politicians because he aimed not to please, but to do the right thing, irrespective of the cost. In James Traub’s masterful biography, John Quincy Adams: Militant Spirit (Basic Books), our attention is grabbed very quickly: “[Adams] did not aim to please, and he largely succeeded.” Why? Because “…he lived according to principles he considered self-evident. Others of his contemporaries did so as well, of course; what set Adams apart was that his principles were so inviolable that he eagerly sacrificed his self-interest to them. As president he accomplished very little of his ambitious agenda in part because he refused to do anything to reward his friends or punish his enemies. Such inflexibility is a dubious virtue for a politician.” Adams, buttressed by strong Puritan parenting, spoke plainly. He believed that there were moral truths built into the world and into us all; that we can know those truths by the exercise of our reason; that knowing those truths, we are made aware of our obligations; and that, with this knowledge, we find the measure of how we should behave. Such freedom of speech is for us in our day more than intolerable but how much freer we might become if our modern day political aspirants dared to embrace a little old-fashioned virtue.

Finding Kairos

Screen Shot 2016-07-15 at 19.54.02The ancient Greeks had two words for time, chronos and kairos. While the first refers to chronological or sequential time, as in the passage of hours and minutes, the pedestrian clack of the high heels on the sidewalk, the second is a moment of indeterminate time in which everything happens. The ‘opportune moment”, the ‘seize the day’ event, is kairotic. The ancient Indians had the same divided notions of time and like the Greeks, they mistrusted wily old Saturn, or Chronos. The Sanskrit equivalent of chronos is kala, from which the goddess Kali, the destroyer of evil forces, takes her name. It is, I suppose, somewhat unfortunate that our beautiful and entirely innocent Lhasa Apso puppy is called Kali – but for quite a different reason – it also means “the dark or blue-black one”, and the image of her dancing on Shiva’s corpse after battle is not a bedtime story we read to her. The Sanskrit word for qualitative time is ritu. Like kairos, it has a spiritual sense to it, time that is lifted out of the trudging ordinariness of life. It also connotes the ‘right’ time, and is still used in Hinduism to refer to the correct, most auspicious moment for various ceremonies and rituals. In Christian theology, kairos is referred to extensively. It has a sense of ‘ripeness’- the exquisite pleasure of a perfectly ripe fig is spoiled if it is picked an instant too early, or too late. This from Ecclesiastes: “To every thing there is a season, and a kairos to every purpose under heaven: A kairos to be born, a kairos to die; a kairos to plant …” and so on. In the Septuagint, every use of the word ‘time’ in the above passage is rendered as kairos.

Capturing an example isn’t easy, because we’re pretty much enslaved to chronological thinking. The moment I first stood in front of the Kotel, my palms flat against its ancient stones was a kairos moment, a window beyond the ticking of the clock, a breath, a whisper of eternity as it brushed past my ear. When we speak of ‘time standing still’, we may be in the midst of a kairos moment. We often will ourselves out of such times, however, because there is a persistent Western trend towards standardisation. Every Starbucks is the same, whether in Cancun or Kuwait. Each Marriott hotel room is decorated in the same, comfortingly predictable fashion and the experience is as identical as different locations can envision. Chain restaurants have extended their reach, every Squid Ink Risotto served is as predictably like another as one tick of a clock is to the next. Travel companies now (oxymoronically) provide package tours for the independent, grassroots traveller who can now enjoy being inspired and awed at precisely-timed intervals. Pop music has been manufactured formulaically for decades, and there is an avalanche of clones that pours out like spaghetti from a pasta maker every time a new book becomes a bestseller. You could fill a library with artless and mostly inferior copies of James Bonds and The Da Vinci Code.

All of this, of course, is designed to make sure nothing too strange or disappointing ever happens to us. The only way to keep safe from disappointment is to avoid any risk of surprise altogether. However in all this milky homogenisation can we hope to encounter kairos?

Screen Shot 2016-07-15 at 21.55.21A couple of days ago, I found myself handing over ten euros and sitting in a starkly beautiful Protestant temple with its bare stone and high ceiling, to listen to  a clarinettist, accompanied by a guy with a guitar, neither of whom I’d ever heard of. After five slightly mutinous minutes waiting for the start, the first notes broke the silence and a swelling of anticipation rose in me. The realisation dawned that this was going be something special. I stopped noticing the passage of time. I forgot the annoyance I had felt because I’d just been parked in the place while other people went off to do something else. I forgot that I was tired, and the hundred other things I’d been worrying about. It was a kairos moment – a brief window into another, sunnier, altogether different world where hope sprang almost eternally and people worked hard, helped each other and the days smiled on them. The website offered a Jungian explanation – songs of exile and loss for the nomads, the vagabonds, the refugees. Here’s a link. Small wonder I found resonance.

Finding kairos can be risky, not least because we always risk disappointment. It’s why travel is always hopeful, and, once in a blue, blue moon, a small moment becomes ripe, full, and perfect.

Perfect. We are told, in general, not to expect perfection. If someone promises it they’re either delusional or they’re selling something. We conflate idealism with naïveté and pessimism with ‘being realistic’. But to deny the possibility of the existence of perfection is to deny the evidence which can peep out and surprise us. For a moment, a kairos perfection overshadowed the pounding clunk of the ticking chronos and I can still hear the Yiddish melodies of the clarinet, soaring and wild.




The Scots and the Irish have seen a speck of light at the end of a long tunnel, but, this isn’t what I want to say. Yet.

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Being retired has its downside, despite living in Paradise. It is often all too easy to find oneself a little bit off balance, the mind engaging in a variety of absurdities, there being little to challenge it. This can escalate into unhelpful thoughts and even actions, the consequent ripples sending those close to us scurrying for safe haven.

Curiously, I came across this. It’s a repost from a blog I visit from time to time. The speaker is Charles H Spurgeon – few readers, if any indeed read this – who have any knowledge of Church history, will need to be introduced to him. He wrote:

Knowing by most painful experience what deep depression of spirit means, being visited with it at seasons by no means few or far between, I thought it might be consolatory to some of my brethren if I gave my thoughts on it…

Most of us are in some way or other unsound physically… As to mental maladies, is any man altogether sane? Are we not all a little off balance? These infirmities may be no detriment to a man’s special usefulness. They may even have been imposed upon him by divine wisdom as necessary qualification for his peculiar course of serviceWhere in body and mind there are predisposing causes to lowness of spirit, it is no marvel if in dark moments the heart succumbs to them.”

He goes on to describe himself as “feeling like empty earthen pitchers which a child might break.”

In his ‘Lectures to My Students’ he wrote:

Causeless depression cannot be reasoned with, nor can David’s harp charm it away by sweet discourses. One would as well fight with the mist as with this shapeless, undefinable, yet all-beclouding hopelessness.”

So. What. One of the strange precepts against which I have battled all my life is the idea that going it alone, toughing it out, the lone sailor drifting into a sunset is infinitely preferable than being together, a ship sailed alone is a somehow more noble enterprise  than one where help is needed to get her to face into the wind and, indeed, if such help is not sought, she may founder.

I think, indeed I know, that this attitude is both muddled, prideful and wrong. I have discovered something in recent times about forgiveness, both its depth and the awesomely simple idea that, as I forgive, forgiveness is released to me.

“and forgive us our trespasses (going places where we should not), (just) as we forgive those who trespass against us.” ‘Our’. Not ‘my’. Oh.

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The power of metaphor

This is written on the day in which Britain’s European destiny was changed for ever. She has voted, narrowly, to ‘go it alone’, a decision that she may regret. Millions, if not billions of words have been written and it’s pointless to add more charcoal to an already overheated fire. The Leave/Remain debate, the demise of David Cameron and the victory, as some have put it, of the ‘sans culottes’, is yesterday’s news, a knee jerk, emotional response to their EU prison door being opened just wide enough for them to make a run for it, stage-managed by the know-it-alls, autocrats and plutocrats, with little UKIPs pattering along in their shadow, like delighted terriers chasing a bone.

Harold Wilson once remarked “a week is a long time in politics”. The fallout from the last twenty-four hours may last for a generation.

Thanks to Charles Milner for the photograph, plus caption.

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View from Cap Blanc-Nez,  France

…on the morning after the referendum- you can just make out the white cliffs of Brexit “Great” Britain. Ah…



One Hundred Years of….Shoe-Throwing

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In a few days, hopefully, I’m going to get to see the new ‘Independence Day’ movie, a 20-year rework of the original. The trailer promises a good deal, the new assailants are just like the old ones but more numerous, their ships and armaments huger, they are better prepared and infinitely more dangerous this time around.

I rather wondered whether there was a metaphor there somewhere…

Screen Shot 2016-06-08 at 20.31.44In late May, the Arab press published a number of articles marking the 100th anniversary of the Sykes-Picot agreement, which still looks as if somebody just took a pencil and a map and drew some pretty arbitrary lines on it, segmenting the Ottoman Empire into several territories, thus shaping the map of the Middle East as we know it.  A relatively uncomplicated scenario, a bit like uploading a virus into an enemy spaceship. On its centenary, people have been revisiting the agreement and its outcomes. Some writers have focused on the agreement’s adversarial effects, warning that the US and Russia are currently formulating a new, improved Sykes-Picot, perhaps on the back of the rampant anarchy in Syria, which can surely no longer continue to function as a sovereign state for much longer. Perhaps the outcome might be a lot less draconian, subdividing the region’s states into even smaller entities on a sectarian and/or ethnic basis. This will have the effect of further weakening the Arab world and subordinate it to their control, a rather cynical ploy whose deliberateness would somehow have to be concealed. The notion of Obama’s and Putin’s successors, fighting over who gets the pencil, is probably too awful to contemplate.  Strangely, articles were published accusing the Arab regimes of co-operating with this plan, consciously or not, while others accused Israel of being up to its neck in the intrigue. On the other hand, if the warmongers are determined enough, a conflict of Biblical proportions could erupt with comparatively little warning, and, as in every other war in history, it will have come about through decades of stupidity, intransigence and wilful blindness to the truth that stares us in the face.

Conversely, other writers have claimed that the disintegration of the Arab world along ethnic and sectarian lines stems not from external plots but from the division and hatred that currently prevail among the Arabs, mostly but not exclusively along Sunni-Shia lines. It. has to be noted, however, that such divisions often stem from one side’s disparagement of the other in light of their Islamic observance, such as Hamas and the PA.

Yet another approach was taken by Lebanese journalist Khairallah Khairallah. He wrote that the Sykes-Picot agreement was actually a “gift from heaven,” but the Arabs failed to take advantage of it. Instead of using it to develop states that benefit their people, they used it as an excuse to oppress them and to justify all their failures. This won’t have gone down very well in diwaniyas up and down the Gulf.

Whichever is even a fragment of the truth, unfolding events will surely reveal. However, I am still looking forward to the film in which the good guys (those without tentacles and exoskeletons) win.


No Honourable Draw

Screen Shot 2016-06-06 at 11.42.35A long time ago, I once met Henry Cooper, shaking his great meat-cleaver of a hand. He was larger than I expected, amiable, with a warm, friendly smile. Lighter by over twenty pounds, he was the man whose famous left hook left a young Cassius Clay sprawled on the canvas in 1963 and whose Achilles heel of a cut eye robbed him of the fight in the next round. Many have suggested that Clay had been illegally revived in his corner with the use of smelling salts and had he not been, the outcome might well have been different.

After a legendary career and having finally lost his battle with Parkinson’s Disease, the Louisville Lip is finally being laid to rest in his home town. Much is being made of the greatness of Ali – the world’s first high profile sportsman who converted to Islam and a lavish, multi-faith memorial is planned for a man whose hands were so fast that he could punish slower opponents at will and almost without effort, as Ernie Terrell and Larry Holmes both found out to their cost.

In sixty one fights, Ali won 56 times, 61% by knockout. He never drew a fight.

It seemed that Ali was a man who believed all roads led to God, often spending time at his father’s old church even after his conversion to Islam, albeit the black supremacist version peddled by the likes of Elijah Muhammad.  Perhaps this is the kind of Islam that Bill Clinton may remark upon on Friday at the memorial service, inclusive, almost tolerant, the kind that the West can do business with. It seems unlikely that the radicals would agree but nobody had ever publicly called him out as an apostate.
Screen Shot 2016-06-06 at 12.08.50People are uncomfortable with extremes – they feel secure under an umbrella of near-predictable mediocrity which is why I think that when all the blood is mopped off the floor, Britain will still prefer to huddle under the Orwellian shadow of Brussels, irksomely chafing as it is.
It’s been interesting to follow the uppercuts and left hooks in Westminster as the Conservative party enthusiastically cannibalises itself and the extremes of opinion are hung out to dry like so much dirty laundry. UKIP thinks that if the Brits leave they’ll be subjected to hordes of sexual predators roaming the streets in search of inappropriately clad women. The economists are talking about retail collapse and David Cameron is focusing on what he thinks it will cost the average family if the Brexiteers win. Meanwhile, the political fortunes of the likes of Gove and Johnson hang in the balance. Both are gamblers, it would appear, and like the last hand in the poker game, have gone ‘all-in’. If they fail, they can be assured of enjoying a very long exile in the political wilderness. I don’t often agree with Jeremy Corbyn’s political strategy, but he seems to be watching the bloodletting from the sidelines and his non-involvement might be quite a savvy move.

This particular bout cannot end in an honourable draw.